Spooky Halloween Traditions: Witches

OCT. 27 407-illust_(oct27Spooky Halloween Traditions- Witches

 

 

Are witches real? If so, are they all really bad?

Probably the most popular character during the Halloween season is the witch. The origin of the witches came from the Celtic mythology. Thousands of years ago, they believed that a witch is called as “the crone”. The crone is an old woman who is being honoured during the Samhain holiday of the Celts on the first day of November. She symbolized wisdom, change, and the turning of the seasons.

However, in the Middle Ages, Witches have been accused of doing evil magic and causing harm to other people. Witches during this period were described as old women with pointy hat stirring cauldron and riding a broomstick. Which is why, there were countless of witch hunting in the past. The most popular of them is the Salem Witches’ Trials in Massachusetts, United States of America.

Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Celtic – people who were a member of European people who once occupied Britain and Spain and Gaul before the Roman times
  2. Honoured – having a widely known reputation; respected
  3. Accuse – blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
  4. Stirring – moving an instrument (like spoon or fork) through some liquid (like drinks or soup)
  5. Cauldron – a very large pot that is used for boiling

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Are witches also popular in your country? How would your country describe them?
  2. Does your country consider them good or bad? Why?
  3. Do you think there are real witches? Why or why not?

    Are witches real? If so, are they all really bad? Probably the most popular character during the Halloween […]


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Level:

Intermediate

Toddler smoking 40 cigarettes a day

JUN. 15 315-illust_(Jun15)Toddler smoking 40 cigarettes a day

 

 

Do you smoke?

A 2-year old toddler smoking cigarettes have shocked people in Indonesia. A boy from Sumatra named Ardi Rizal is addicted to nicotine and can smoke 40 cigarettes a day. Some footage but now removed from YouTube shows that he was puffing away tobacco smoke like a true pro. His father Mohammed Rizal said that Ardi started his first cigarette when he was only 18 months and usually throws tantrums if he doesn’t let him smoke.

Indonesia is the world’s third largest smoking nation. Based from government statistics reveal that 25 per cent of Indonesian kids aged between 3 and 15 have smoked and over 3 percent of them are regular smokers. Endang Sedyaningsih, Health Minister, said that it is difficult for them to prevent youngsters from smoking because people believe smoking is a good thing, Tobacco companies are well liked because they sponsor everything from education to sporting events.

Contributed by: Chilli

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Toddler – A young child
  2. addicted – To cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)
  3. nicotine – An alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco
  4. footage – Film that has been shot
  5. Pro – Professional
  6. puffing away  – blowing out tobacco smoke
  7. tantrums – A display of bad temper
  8. youngsters – A young person

 

Perspective Exchange:

  1. Do you smoke? If so, when did you start smoking?
  2. Most countries have a legal smoking age (for example, in Japan it’s 20 years old), do you think putting a legal age for smoking is a good idea? Why or why not?
  3. How would you stop smoking?

    Do you smoke? A 2-year old toddler smoking cigarettes have shocked people in Indonesia. A boy from Sumatra […]


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Level:

Beginner

New Law on Marriage in Kenya

APR. 16 258-illust_(Apr15) New Law on Marriage in Kenya

 

 

Should there be a world law for marriage?

A new law on marriage was agreed by the government of Kenya. The law was supposed to make polygamy illegal but it turn to be the reverse. The Marriage Bill allows men the practice of polygamy or having many wives as they want even without telling their wife. This had caused a big argument between the female and male politicians of Kenya. The female lawmakers walked out of the debate because of anger. One male politician said that it was fair because women who get divorced will have a right with the things belonging to the couple and would have 30 percent of the family house. Also, Kenyan politician Samuel Chepkong’a stated that the law was just simply keeping alive the Kenya’s traditions. The Kenya Nation Newspaper said that the law was not showing Kenya as a modern country and was just taking it back to the Dark Ages.

Contributed by: TEACHER EVA

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. polygamy – having more than one partner at a time
  2. reverse – turn around the position, order, relation, or condition of
  3. argument – a debate
  4. divorce – break partnership with someone
  5. dark ages – period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance

 

Perspective Exchange:

  1. What is your opinion about having many partners in marriage?
  2. Do you think having one partner is the best? Why or why not?
  3. If it were to happen in your country, will you support it or oppose it?

    Should there be a world law for marriage? A new law on marriage was agreed by the government […]


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Level:

Intermediate

Textisms not a Hindrance to Spelling and Writing skills of children

210-illust_(Feb7)Dnt worry about txting- College students who use text speak to  communicate CAN spell correctly when they have to

 

 

Have you ever received a message and could barely understand a single word?
As technology evolves, a bizarre language has also emerged that mature folks may find it difficult to understand. A study showed that nine out of ten parents and teachers admit that acronyms and abbreviated words used when texting have caused a language barrier between generations. Most young people use “text speak” to speed up writing text messages. But parents need not to worry. A new study showed that even though you can’t understand “wt ur child is up 2 nw” it won’t affect their spelling and writing skills.

Another study revealed that students who used to send text messages didn’t have any problems when they’re required to use proper or correct spelling. Participants said that they only use text speak when messaging friends and siblings but not to strangers or older family members.  Respondents also believe that text language can be used for taking lecture notes but not for exams or homework.  By analyzing 303 final exam papers, researchers found that the percentage of students using textisms is very small.
 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. evolves – to develop
  2. bizarre – not ordinary
  3. mature folks –  older people
  4. acronyms – a word formed from the first letters of a name.
  5. abbreviated – to make shorter
  6. barrier – something that separates or holds apart
  7. text speak – abbreviated or shortened spelling of words
  8. required – needed
  9. textisms – shortening of words into text

 

Perspective Exchange:

  1. What do you think about textisms or text speak? Do you often use this when sending text messages? Is it difficult to read abbreviated words?
  2. What do you think are the disadvantages and advantages of textisms?
  3. Have you ever received this kind of message? Were you able to understand the message right away? Did it cause misunderstanding between you and the sender?

    Have you ever received a message and could barely understand a single word? As technology evolves, a bizarre […]


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