Accidental Discoveries: Greatest Invention

SEPT. 30 381-illust_(Sep30Accidental Discoveries- Greatest Invention

 

 

How do you think the inventors discovered their inventions?

Most people think that inventors make discoveries through a very long series of studies and experiment; slowly testing and finally finding the solution after a long hard work. However, the truth is, many inventions were discovered out of pure luck. Here are some of the great inventions discovered due to some sort of accidents.

Matches. In 1826, John Walker was mixing chemicals in his lab and there was a particular chemical that was very difficult to scrub off. Frustrated, he started to rub it much faster and all of a sudden, the tip has burst into flame and thus, the friction match is born.

Penicillin. Alexander Fleming discovered the Penicillin because he had forgotten a petri dish in his office when he took a two-week vacation.

Tea. Some people might think that the British invented the tea but it was actually a Chinese emperor named Shennong who made the accidental discovery. The emperor was boiling his drinking water as usual when leaves from a nearby tea bush blew into his pot. Instead of throwing it away, Shennong curiously tasted the brew and tea was discovered.

Potato Chips. In the summer of 1853, a customer at the Moon Lake Lodge in Saratoga Springs, New York was not satisfied with the chef George Crum’s French fries. The customer thought that it was too thick and kept sending them back to the kitchen to be remade. Chef George Crum was annoyed and frustrated because his fries were rejected so he decided to make a batch of paper-thin, crisp potato wafers out to the customer, hoping to annoy him. Instead, the customer loved it and so did others.

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Scrub off – to remove something by hard rubbing
  2. Petri dish – a shallow dish used to grow bacteria
  3. Brew – drink made by steeping and boiling something in the water to get more flavour
  4. Wafers – a small, thin crisp cake or cookie

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Do you believe that some inventions were discovered accidentally?
  2. What did you feel after reading this article?
  3. Do you know other inventions discovered through accidents?

    How do you think the inventors discovered their inventions? Most people think that inventors make discoveries through a […]


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Level:

Advance

The World’s Best Airline Award

SEPT. 28 379-illust_(Sep28)The World's Best Airport Award

 

 

Which airline is the best in the world?sample

Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific is the World’s Best Airline according to Skytrax, the U.K. based airline and airport review and ranking site. The award was given at the 49th Famborough International Airshow in Hampshire England which is considered as one of the biggest aviation events in the world.

Cathay Pacific took the tile from Dubai carrier Emirates and the award was decided by the votes of millions of travellers. They received high marks for their in-flight entertainment and cabin crew.

Cathay Pacific was followed by Qatar Airways who also got high scores for in-flight entertainment by allowing economy class guests to enjoy smartphone and tablet connectivity to their personal screens. Singapore Airlines took the third spot, Emirates, who was the best airline last year, dropped down to the fourth place followed by Turkish Airline.

However, even though Emirates didn’t get the Best Airline Award, Emirates was awarded once again the Best In-flight Entertainment Award.

Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Carrier – a person or company that undertakes the professional transfer of goods or people
  2. Aviation – operation of aircraft to provide transportation
  3. In-flight – flying through the air
  4. Cabin crew – the members of an aircraft crew who attend to passengers.

Perspective Exchange

  1. Have you tried using Cathay Pacific?
  2. In your opinion, what is the best airline you have used so far? Why do you think it’s the best for you?
  3. What are the things do you look forward to in an airline?

    Which airline is the best in the world?sample Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific is the World’s Best Airline […]


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Level:

Beginner

The World’s Best Airport Award

SEPT. 28 379-illust_(Sep28)The World's Best Airport Award

 

 

Which airline is the best in the world?sample

Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific is the World’s Best Airline according to Skytrax, the U.K. based airline and airport review and ranking site. The award was given at the 49th Famborough International Airshow in Hampshire England which is considered as one of the biggest aviation events in the world.

Cathay Pacific took the tile from Dubai carrier Emirates and the award was decided by the votes of millions of travellers. They received high marks for their in-flight entertainment and cabin crew.

Cathay Pacific was followed by Qatar Airways who also got high scores for in-flight entertainment by allowing economy class guests to enjoy smartphone and tablet connectivity to their personal screens. Singapore Airlines took the third spot, Emirates, who was the best airline last year, dropped down to the fourth place followed by Turkish Airline.

However, even though Emirates didn’t get the Best Airline Award, Emirates was awarded once again the Best In-flight Entertainment Award.

Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Carrier – a person or company that undertakes the professional transfer of goods or people
  2. Aviation – operation of aircraft to provide transportation
  3. In-flight – flying through the air
  4. Cabin crew – the members of an aircraft crew who attend to passengers.

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Have you tried using Cathay Pacific?
  2. In your opinion, what is the best airline you have used so far? Why do you think it’s the best for you?
  3. What are the things do you look forward to in an airline?

    Which airline is the best in the world?sample Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific is the World’s Best Airline […]


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Level:

Beginner

Millennials Don’t Want to Get Married

SEPT. 27 378-illust_(Sep27)Millennials Don't Want to Get Married

 

 

If you are not married right now, do you see yourself being married and settling down with someone in the future?

A new Pew Research Report says that the number of Americans who are currently single and has chosen not to get married is high. Reasons include, they don’t have a job and because they think that the idea marriage is becoming less attractive. People think that it’s important for couples to stay together to be married but the number of single Americans who wants to get married has dropped for the last four years.

Here are the three main reasons single Americans gave as to why they don’t want to get married:

  • 30% said they haven’t found the right person;
  • 27% said that they are not financially stable enough;
  • And 22% said that they are not yet ready to settle down.

Aside from these three main reasons, there are other gender-based reasons why single Americans are not interested in marriage; this includes reasons such as women wanting their husbands to have a secure job and women not wanting to have children and men complaining that many women they had relationship with don’t want to have children. Additionally, unemployment rate is also increasing.

Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Millenials – also known as the Millenial Generation or Generation Y are the people who were born from the early 1980s to the early 2000s
  2. Stable – showing little if any change
  3. Gender-based – situation, phenomena, reasons or things that are specific to one gender only either male or female
  4. Secure – free from risk of loss or damage; free from danger or attack
  5. Complain – to express feelings of pain, dissatisfaction or anger

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Describe the situation in your country. Are there more people getting married?
  2. Can you give other reasons as to why some people don’t want to get married?
  3. If you are not yet married, do you want to get married someday? Why or why not?

    If you are not married right now, do you see yourself being married and settling down with someone […]


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Level:

Intermediate

5 Bizarre Ways to Lose Weight

SEPT. 26 377-illust_(Sep26)5 Bizarre Ways to Lose Weight

 

 

Do you have your own style of losing weight?

Who doesn’t want to lose weight? Nowadays, both men and women have tried many weight loss tricks and are still finding new tricks to lose their weight. In fact, there are some tricks which may look crazy if we try them out but they could actually work for us.

  • Smell a banana, apple or peppermint. Dr. Alan R. Hirsch of the Smell and Taste Treatment Research Foundation in Chicago did an experiment where he asked 3,000 volunteers to sniff these fruits when they get hungry and he found out that the more frequently people sniffed, the less hungry they were and the more weight they lost. In fact, an average of 30 pounds each. Dr. Hirsch thinks that sniffing the food tricks the brain into thinking we are actually eating it.
  • Jog for every junk mail you receive. Make it a challenge for yourself. For every piece of junk mail you get out of your mailbox each day, jog one lap around your house or building, or go up and down a flight of stairs. Doing this burns 35 – 140 calories per session.
  • Tie a ribbon on your waist. Some French women decided to wear a ribbon around their waist and underneath their clothes whenever they go out for dinner or party. It makes them aware of their tummy and if the ribbon starts to feel tighter, they become aware of the big amount of food they ate and will eventually stop eating.
  • Paint your dining room blue. Almost all fast-foods are decorated in yellow, red or orange but not in blue. The reason why is because the colour blue’s purpose is to suppress appetite while yellow, red and orange encourages us to eat more.
  • Take a picture of your food. Snapping photos and then looking at them back can make people think before they eat, according to nutritionist Joan Salge Blake.
Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Bizarre (adjective) – extremely strange or unusual.
  2. Sniff (verb) – inhaling through the nose to sense an odour or smell.
  3. Junk mail (noun) – mails consisting of advertising and sales offer
  4. Waist (noun) – the narrowing of the body between hips and ribs
  5. Underneath (preposition) – at a position directly lower; below or bottom
  6. Snap (verb) – to take a picture of something

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Do you want to lose weight? Why or why not?
  2. What do you do to lose weight?
  3. Do you know any ways of losing weight that is considered as unusual in your country?

    Do you have your own style of losing weight? Who doesn’t want to lose weight? Nowadays, both men […]


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Level:

Beginner

The 6 Most Dangerous Moments for Your Heart PART 2

SEPT. 25 377-illust_(Sep25)The 6 Most Dangerous Moments for Your Heart2

 

 

Do you have or do you know someone who has a heart disease? Then you better read this.
  • Crazy Mondays. Sunday night makes our hearts sad as well. Studies also show that heart attacks happen on the days when we return to work after a break. Stressing out about the coming workweek increases the level of some hormones in our bodies which can increase blood pressure. Experts suggested that you should start your Monday with five to ten minutes of morning yoga or meditation or walking at lunch to relieve midday stress is also a good idea.
  • Shovelling Snow. The combination of cold weather and heavy labour can be dangerous. People who have heart conditions tend to get the higher risk of heart attack as soon as they finish shovelling the snow. If you have a history of heart disease, you should dress warmly and take frequent breaks, stay hydrated and to be safe, ask someone to shovel instead of you.
  • Death of a loved one. Researchers analysed thousands of U.S. heart attack victims and discovered that those who mourned the death of someone they are close to are likely to have an increased heart attack risk. Additionally, researchers also found that the heart attack risk remains high for several years after the death of an adult sibling. If you are suffering from a loss, feeling alone or depressed, you should seek out help and support from your doctor, friends and family.
  • A devastating natural disaster. Three weeks after the 8.9 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that killed thousands of people in Japan in 2011, the rate of heart attacks among survivors has increased threefold compared to the rate during the same month of the past years. This is very important for health-care providers.
Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Hormones – chemicals inside our body that gives different kind of effects like change of mood, appetite and etc.
  2. Relieve – to release
  3. Risk – having a chance of loss or damage
  4. Hydrate – add water or moisture to
  5. Mourn – feel sadness
  6. Sibling – a person’s brother or sister
  7. Threefold – three times as great or many
  8. Rate – the quantity or amount or measure of something; as if a percentage of something

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Have you ever been so exhausted that you felt like your heart is going to burst out of your chest? What did you do before that? What did you do after you feel that?
  2. Do you drink some medicine or vitamins for your heart and your overall health? If so, what kind?
  3. Do you believe that these situations listed in this article will increase the chance of heart attack? Why or why not?

    Do you have or do you know someone who has a heart disease? Then you better read this. […]


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Level:

Intermediate

The 6 Most Dangerous Moments for Your Heart PART 1

SEPT. 24 376-illust_(Sep24)The 6 Most Dangerous Moments for Your Heart

 

 

Do you have or do you know someone who has a heart disease? Then you better read this.

Most doctors of the modern age now believe that heart attacks don’t always happen randomly. There are some predictable “danger zones,” most especially for people with heart disease, who are smoking, who are diabetic, a high cholesterol or high blood pressure. Being aware of these danger zones might lead you to prevent heart attacks and lessen your problems.

  • A bout of flu. If you think extreme exhaustion, pain and high fever is too much, having flu can actually quadruple your chances of having a heart attack for up to three days following the flu. Being dehydrated makes your blood thicker and prone to clot, it can swell and damage your arteries and increase your heart rate, forcing the heart to work harder. A few days after getting the flu, you should seek medical help.
  • A big sporting event. You might not believe it but even cheering for your team can break your heart, especially if you are so devoted in the game that your emotions become out of control. In fact, during the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, researchers found out that heart attacks increased during the tournament’s finals and rates were the highest when Brazil was playing compared with other teams. If you are a very enthusiastic sports fan, ask your doctor whether you can drink an aspirin on a daily basis.
Vocabulary Enhancement

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Predictable – capable of being foretold or guessed; foreseeable
  2. Exhaustion – extreme fatigue
  3. Quadruple – increase four times
  4. Dehydrate – remove water from
  5. Prone – having the tendency; having the possibility
  6. Clot – a change from liquid to a thickened or solid state substance
  7. Cheering – show approval or good wishes by shouting; give support to someone or something
  8. Enthusiastic – having or showing great excitement and interest

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Have you ever been so exhausted that you felt like your heart is going to burst out of your chest? What did you do before that? What did you do after you feel that?
  2. Do you drink some medicine or vitamins for your heart and your overall health? If so, what kind?
  3. Do you believe that these situations listed in this article will increase the chance of heart attack? Why or why not?

    Do you have or do you know someone who has a heart disease? Then you better read this. […]


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Level:

Intermediate

To Wear or Not to Wear School Uniforms?

SEPT. 23 375-illust_(Sep23)To Wear or Not to Wear School Uniforms

 

 

Should we ban wearing school uniforms?

In some countries, like Japan, Hong Kong, the U.K. and others, school uniforms are worn in almost every school while in countries like France and Germany only a few schools require their students to wear uniforms.

Some people, both students and teachers argued that students should be allowed to wear their religious dresses in school. An example of this argument is that sometimes school skirts are not long enough for Muslim girls. They also said that school uniforms are not comfortable and practical. Some female students might not feel comfortable wearing skirts and there are some school uniforms which require students to wear three or more items. Additionally, school uniforms are often expensive.

On the other hand, school uniforms create a sense of equality. Students will think that the administration treat all students equally when all of them are wearing the same uniform. Also, school uniforms encourage discipline. It teaches their students to respect their school and their teachers and they will behave properly knowing that other people can recognize the school there are attending to base from their uniform.

Vocabulary Enhancement

  1. Argue – have an argument about something
  2. Argument – a discussion between two people who have different beliefs
  3. Discipline – a system of rules of conduct or method practice

 

Perspective Exchange

  1. Do students in your country wear school uniforms? Are there some schools that don’t require students to wear school uniforms in your country?
  2. Give other reasons why students should not wear school uniform. Give other reasons why school should wear school uniform.
  3. Do you agree or disagree in banning the wear of school uniforms? Why?

    Should we ban wearing school uniforms? In some countries, like Japan, Hong Kong, the U.K. and others, school […]


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Level:

Beginner

Marriott to Guests: Tip Your Housekeeper!

SEPT. 22 374-illust_(Sep22)FMarriott to Guests- Tip Your Housekeeper

 

 

Do you leave tips to hotel workers?

When you are staying at a hotel, tip your housekeeper.” This is the message Marriott International is writing in their envelopes in more than 160,000 rooms in United States and Canada. They want to encourage tipping the people who clean guest rooms.

A union that represents housekeepers is OK with the program but some unions are disagreeing by saying that it’s the hotel companies’ responsibility to pay their housekeepers a living wage.

Annemarie Strassel, spokeswoman for UniteHere, said that an average wage for a housekeeper is $9.21 an hour so tips are their main source of income.

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Encourage – to recommend; to promote
  2. Union – an organization of employees formed to negotiate with the employer
  3. Wage – money that is paid regularly for doing work; salary

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Do people in your country give tips to service workers in hotels and restaurant?
  2. Do you think hotels and restaurants should require their customers to tip their employees? Why or why not?
  3. Do you agree with the message given by Marriott International? Why or why not?

    Do you leave tips to hotel workers? “When you are staying at a hotel, tip your housekeeper.” This […]


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Level:

Beginner

Finding the Best Deals for Airfare Online

SEPT. 21 373-illust_(Sep21)Finding the Best Deals for Airfare Online

 

 

How do you search cheaper flight tickets?

It can be exhausting to search affordable flights, more exhausting than packing and travelling especially for people who are not satisfied until they know they will pay for the absolute cheapest price. Fortunately, there are ways to search cheaper airfares without spending hours or days.

Generally, Tuesdays and Wednesdays are the least expensive days to fly and weekends are more costly. Although there are many discounted fares that are being offered on Saturdays, there are, of course, many travellers who are fighting for those seats. To have a higher chance in getting a bargain, start your search three to four months before you plan to fly. That’s how far in advance airlines usually decide which routes they’ll discount to fill seats.

Use flight coupon codes when you reserve tickets online. Check sites like alldealsasia.com, groupon and savings.com or simply Google it. Additionally, compare rates on several websites to ensure that you are getting the most of your money. Last but not the least, include taxes and other fees as you compare. There are some airline sites that add taxes and fees later during the checkout process so make sure that you read everything before you pay them.

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Exhausting – having a tiring effect
  2. Discounted – give a reduction in price on
  3. Bargain – an advantageous purchase
  4. Routes – a established line of travel or access; an open way for travel or transportation
  5. Coupon – a certificate that can be used to discount a price or to buy something; a voucher
  6. Ensure – make sure of something in the future

 

Vocabulary Enhancement:

  1. Do you travel a lot? Where do you usually go?
  2. How do you buy your flight tickets? Do you search for cheaper deals online or just buy it with the original price?
  3. What do you do to get cheaper deals in tickets?

    How do you search cheaper flight tickets? It can be exhausting to search affordable flights, more exhausting than […]


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Level:

Beginner